Zhè zhong tísheng dào changhé de nénglì you yigè jingshén céngmiàn. Jiézòu, xiàng xilà zhéxué de lixiang, you yidìng de tiansheng de pinzhí. Zhishì dì xìngzhì kenéng, kenéng, bangzhù yourén shengchan ta de xuqiú. Zài yu dingjí yùndòngyuán de fangtán zhong, xinli xué jia yijing xuéhuì rèn shì nénggòu dài lái gaofeng biaoxiàn de mou xie jìshù. Lìrú, keshìhuà jìshù bangzhù yùndòngyuán jingshén shàng jízhong yú shoutóu de rènwù. Gao'erfu qiú shou jiékè·níkè láo si (Jack Nicklaus) shuo, ta zài chángshì shèmén zhiqián jingcháng huì zài ta tóunao zhong “kàn diànying”.
(A) Survival of iMNs from 3 control or 1 SOD1A4V ALS patient line in excess glutamate with 10 nM inactive 3K3A-APC or 3K3A-APC. n = 90 iMNs per line per condition, iMNs from all control lines shown in aggregate for clarity. iMNs quantified from 3 biologically independent iMN conversions per line. (B) Survival of iMNs from 2 C9-ALS lines in excess glutamate with inactive 3K3A-APC or different concentrations of 3K3A-APC. n = 90 iMNs per line per condition, iMNs from both lines shown in aggregate for clarity. iMNs quantified from 3 biologically independent iMN conversions per line. (C) C9-ALS iMNs on day 12 of survival in excess glutamate with inactive 3K3A-APC or 3K3A-APC treatment. This experiment was repeated 3 times with similar results. Scale bar: 100 μm. (D) Survival of control iMNs in excess glutamate with 10 nM inactive 3K3A-APC or 3K3A-APC, n = 90 iMNs per line per condition for 3 control and 3 C9-ALS lines, iMNs quantified from 3 biologically independent iMN conversions per line. (E–G) Survival of iMNs from 2 C9-ALS lines in excess glutamate with 3K3A-APC with or without 3 μM PAR1 antagonist treatment (E) or PAR2 antagonist treatment (F). n = 90 iMNs per line per condition, iMNs from both lines shown in aggregate for clarity. iMNs quantified from 3 biologically independent iMN conversions per line. Survival of iMNs from 2 C9-ALS lines in excess glutamate with 3K3A-APC with or without 9 μM PAR1 ASO treatment (G). n = 90 iMNs per line per condition, iMNs from both lines shown in aggregate for clarity. iMNs quantified from 3 biologically independent iMN conversions per line. Each trace includes neurons from 2 donors with the specified genotype. All iMN survival experiments were analyzed by 2-sided log-rank test and corrected for multiple comparisons if applicable. Statistical significance was calculated using the entire survival time course. (H and I) Survival of iMNs from sporadic ALS (sALS) clone 1 in excess glutamate with 10 nM inactive 3K3A-APC or 3K3A-APC (H), or with 3K3A-APC and DMSO or a PAR1 antagonist (I). n = 90 iMNs per condition. iMNs quantified from 3 biologically independent iMN conversions. For all iMN survival experiments, significance was measure by 2-sided log-rank test using the entire survival time course. The day of differentiation stated on each panel indicates the day of differentiation on which the experimental treatment or time course was initiated.
Such a characteristic of we-media has further squeezed the price bidding space of the new media of Fujian press industry in the area of content in local journalists’ eyes. What is worse, the procedure of three-phase censorship that deviates from the logic of new media is not strictly followed during the course of converging news production. Delays in the course of censorship have not only impaired the market competitiveness of the new media in terms of content, but also considerably reduced the willingness of journalists to collaborate with the new media centre.
Hao xiaoxi shì, ta xiànzài zài fùguó yínháng youyi fèn gongzuò, yigè mei xiaoshí zhifù 15 meiyuán. Ta cóng wo nàli toule qián lái zhifù yínháng fèiyòng. Ta ye zhèngzài jìnrù wojia de lóu xià danwèi, bìng you jinjí yuánzhù zhifù yigè yuè de zujin hé sunhui yajin. Wo zuò chule yigè juédìng. Wo keyi xiàng meiguó yínháng bàogào qizhà xíngwéi bìng shouhuí zijin, ye kenéng jiang xila sòng dào jianyù, fouzé wo keyi jieshòu dàoqiè, xiwàng yiqiè shùnlì. Wo xuanzéle hòu zhe.
Nevertheless, the resistance from journalists makes no difference to the convergence path of China’s local press industry. The tendency for senior journalists to be more devoted to converging news production compared with junior ones and the tendency for journalists from party organs to show a higher positivity towards contributing compared with those from metropolis newspapers both highlight the impact of institutional and organisational factors on the journalists’ intention and behaviour in collaboration.
The shortcomings of this study lie in the non-random sampling method on which the survey relies and the theoretical saturation of the findings drawn from the single case. Aside from adopting better sampling techniques, future research can appeal to an editor-centric perspective to comprehensively assess the effects of media convergence. Also, future research can perform comparative analyses across regions or countries to further disclose the multiplicity of convergence effects and its relationship with the regionally and nationally specific factors.
Approaches to writing instruction developed in North America have gradually made their presence felt in other parts of the world during recent years. A curricular evaluation of the local needs, instruction, assessments, teacher preparation, and other pedagogical factors is crucial for the successful transmission and integration of those approaches into the new contexts. Set against the background of recent, exuberant scholarly discussions of the issue of transplanting Western writing pedagogies, this article presents an observational report of a typical college English curriculum for non-majors in China, with a focus on its writing component. The study has found that English writing is taught under the guidance of a nationally unified syllabus and examination system. Rather than assisting their students to develop thoughts in writing, teachers in this system are predominantly concerned about the teaching of correct form and test-taking skills. Because of their relatively low economic status in China, English teachers have to work extra hours and have little time to spend on individual students or on furthering their professional training. However, signs of recent Western writing pedagogies, such as pre-writing and multiple-drafting activities, are identified in classrooms and textbook publishing, which indicate the possibility of successful adaptations of the recent Western writing pedagogies in the Chinese context.
Wo túrán chéngwéi wu suì de háizi, san gè nuhái hé liang gè nánhái, yu xila shenghuó de fùqin. Women gòng zhànjùle wo de sì gè danwèi de san gè danwèi. Xila de dà nu'ér xiàn zài zhang dàle, zhù zài bié dìdìfang. Ta de dà érzi zhù zài jie shàng. Hòulái, wo bèi zhenduàn huàn you jingshén fenliè zhèng de dìdì an dí lái dào wo pángbian de yigè danwèi zhù zài shàngcéng. Xila hé háizimen dou zài lóu xià pao. Jintian, women jiachángbiànfàn de jìyì shì háizimen zhouwéi de móhú, zài lóu xià de shafa shàng kàn diànshì, yiqi chifàn, hái you shàngban.
A professional company was commissioned to transcribe the anonymously processed materials. The tape scripts were then analysed in three phases. Firstly, a preliminary coding was accomplished by performing a line-by-line coding of the transcription as well as by defining the segments relevant to the issues under investigation. Secondly, new codes were formed by synthesising the preliminary codes, with focus laid on frequently occurring segments. Lastly, the new codes, between which the association was explored, were rearranged where it was used as basis for the construction of a consistent theoretical exposition.
Zhang, ZA, Wu, T (2014) The dual declinings of propagandist and watchdog roles: Chinese Journalists’ media role perception, the changes and antecedents (‘Xuanchuanzhe’ yu ‘jianduzhe’ de shaungchong shiwei: Zhongguo xinwen congyezhe meijie juese renzhi, bianqian ji yingxiang yinsu). Journal of International Communication (Guoji xinwenjie) 6: 61–75.
(A) mRFP-GFP-LC3 fluorescence in control, C9-ALS, or sporadic ALS (sALS) iMNs treated with or without 50 nM bafilomycin and 10 nM inactive 3K3A-APC or 3K3A-APC. Scale bars: 5 μm. Solid and dotted lines outline the cell body and nucleus, respectively. Cell bodies were visualized with mRFP-GFP-LC3 fluorescence using a longer exposure and increased gain. (B and C) Number of RFP+GFP+ vesicles per iMN in control, C9-ALS (B), or sporadic ALS (C) iMNs treated with 10 nM inactive 3K3A-APC or 3K3A-APC and 50 nM bafilomycin for 24 hours. iMNs from 3 controls, 3 C9-ALS (B), and 5 sporadic ALS (C) patients were quantified. n = 12 iMNs per line per condition across 2 independent iMN conversions were quantified. Each gray circle represents a single iMN. Median ± interquartile range. Kruskal-Wallis testing. (D) qRT-PCR analysis of mRNA levels of ATG5 and ATG10 in C9-ALS iMNs treated with 10 nM inactive 3K3A-APC or 3K3A-APC for 3 days. n = 4 independent iMN conversions and treatments per condition. Each gray circle represents a single RNA sample. Mean ± SD. Two-tailed t test, unpaired. (E) Number of LAMP2+ vesicles in control or C9-ALS iMNs treated with 10 nM inactive 3K3A-APC or 3K3A-APC for 24 hours. iMNs from 2 controls and 2 C9-ALS patients were quantified. n = 21 iMNs per line per condition across 2 independent iMN conversions were quantified. Each gray circle represents a single iMN. Mean ± SEM. One-way ANOVA. (F) Number of LAMP2+ vesicles in control or sporadic ALS iMNs treated with 10 nM inactive 3K3A-APC or 3K3A-APC for 24 hours. Each gray circle represents a single iMN. iMNs from 2 controls and 6 sporadic ALS patients were quantified. n = 33 iMNs per line per condition across 2 independent iMN conversions were quantified. Median ± interquartile range. Kruskal-Wallis testing. The day of differentiation stated on each panel indicates the day of differentiation on which the experimental treatment or time course was initiated.
47 On 10 and 12 April, media briefings with Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang were convened. See http://www.fmprc.gov.cn, accessed 31 May 2007. For reports see Beijing Youth Daily, 13 April 2008, Jinghua shibao, 13 April 2005, China Daily, 13 April 2005. Similar announcements by the spokesperson of the Public Security Bureau followed. See People's Daily and Beijing Youth Daily, 22 April 2005.