Wúlùn shì zhongzú háishì qíta yuányin, wo de fùmu dou bù zànchéng wo yu xila de hunyin. Wo de muqin anpái wo de dìdì an dí hé 1960 nián bìyè de ai kè sai tè zhunbèi xuéxiào de yiqún xiàoyou yiqi qù zhongguó luxíng. ai kè sai tè bìyè sheng de luxíng tuán dangshí shì meiguó zhù huá dàshi de tian'anmén guangchang dà túsha. Wo bèi yaoqiú péibàn an dí, yi quèbao ta fúyòng ta di yàowù. Zhè cì luxíng yú 1996 nián 4 yuèdi kaishi, chíxùle san gè xingqí. Dang wo huí dào míng ní abo lì si shí, xila hé háizimen yiqi zoule, hái you dà píngmù diànshì hé qíta de cáiwù. Dang wo da diànhuà gei shànghai, méiyou rén huídá de shíhòu, wo you yigè zhèyàng de qíngkuàng.
Bùguò, wo duì huòbì de tàidù shì zhèyàng de: Jíshi wo yinwèi xila de wúcháng dàikuan hé dàoqiè ér shen xiàn zhàiwù, wo réngrán yongyou gèng dà jiàzhí de cáichan. Zài shenghuó de zhège jieduàn, zhíyè shengyá zhong wèilái chénggong de kenéng xìng hen xiao. Wo kenéng you zúgòu de ziyuánguòzhe shushì de shenghuó. Nàme wèishéme yigè rén baochí shenti jiànkang de shíhòu hànshui ne?
1973 nián 6 yuè 30 rì, wo dì yi cì jiéhun. Wo hé wo de qizi dou shì 32 suì. Ka luó er dangshí shì yijia baoxian jigòu de bàngongshì jingli. Tongguòle CPA kaoshì, bìng zài gonggòng kuàijì lingyù bèi jiandan de pìnyòng, zài meiguó míngnísudá zhou shèngbaoluó de qizhòngji zhìzào shang meiguó qizhòngji gongsi (American Hoist&Derrick Company) danrèn chéngben kuàijìshi. Wo zài gai gongsi danrènle wu nián de zhíwù. Zhè ràng wo tuolíle wo de wàiké. Suízhe yalì de zìwo dìngwèi, wo kaishi lingdao yigè gèngjia zhèngcháng de shenghuó.
* This article is part of a book project examining the impact of media commercialization on news content and public opinion in China, tentatively titled Propaganda for Sale. For fruitful research collaboration I would like to thank Iain Johnston, Shen Mingming and the members of the Research Center for Contemporary China. I am also grateful for financial support provided by the Harvard-Yenching Institute and the Center for Chinese Studies at the University of Michigan. Many thanks as well to the participants of the Chinese politics workshop at the University of Wisconsin, Madison for helpful comments and to Wang Mingde for research assistance.
Zongzhi, xila chéngle wo de xin nu péngyou. Ta xiàng wo tongbàole jiànzhú zhong fashengle shénme. Wo shì yigè zhong nián báirén, chuli yigè hen hei de kèhù. Ta shì wo zài wéixian dì dìfang de chàngdao zhe. Dú yin zhe xianrán rènwéi wo you henduo qián. Xila hòulái gàosù wo, zhège jiànzhú wù zhòng taolùn de jìhuà shì qiangjié shènzhì sha si wo de. Bùguò, ta zìji jìxù shiyòng dúpin, ta youshí cóng wo shenshang ná qián yanghuo. Qíta de ye dapòle wo de fángzi tou qián huò qíta cáichan. Cóng 1950 niándài yilái, wo yongyou de yixie ouzhou yìngbì hé huòbì xiaoshile.
Yóulǐkǎ (Eureka), Jiālìfúníyàzhōu -- Shéi céng xiǎng zhìzuò gènghǎo de Hànyǔ xuéxí ruǎnjiàn huì gǎibiàn Yàzhōu jìsuànjī shìjiè? Wénlín Yánjiūsuǒ fābù le zuìxīn bǎn de jiàoyù ruǎnjiàn, bìng tuīchū yī zhěngtào yòngyú chǔlǐ Zhōngwén, Rìwén hé Hánwén (CJK) zìfú de quánxīn móshì. Zhè yī qīdài yǐjiǔ de bǎnběn tuīchū zhī shí zhèngzhí Hànyǔ xuéxí kè ruǎnjiàn duǎnquē, duì jìsuànjī hé zhìnéng shǒujī kāifāzhě Yàzhōu shìchǎng de wèilái yùcè sìqǐ de shíqī. Shǒuxí zhànlüèjiā Yīlìshābái Lánzhān (Elisabeth Nuboer-Ranjan) yīzhēnjiànxiě de zhǐchū, “Wénlín duì shǒuzhǐ cāozuò shèbèi jìshù hé OCR jìshù de yǐngxiǎng jiāng huì hàndòng zhège hángyè.” Zhè shì zhōngduān yònghù de hǎo xiāoxi, dàn dāng kāifāshāng jìnxíng xiāngyìng tiáozhěng shí kěnéng huì jīfā zhèndàng.
Wo wúfa dédào yisheng de dáfù, shuomíng wo qizi zài huáiyùn qíjian siwáng de kenéng xìng, háishì you biànxíng de ying'ér. Yexu zhè shì bù qiè shíjì de wèntí. Zài suíhòu yu xi lì yà de duìhuà zhong, wo juédìng zhè zhong qíngkuàng shì wúwàng de. Dangrán, wo bùnéng gàosù yisheng, tamen céngjing jinggàoguò kenéng daozhì liánlián siwáng de chéngxù. Wo gàosù xi lì yà wo tóngyì zài shengyù zhensuo tíngzhi zhìliáo.
2010 Nián 2 yuè xiàxún, míng ní abo lì si jingfang duì wo de gongyù dàlóu jìnxíng túxí, zài qízhong yigè danwèi faxiàn dúpin, bìng gei wo fale yi feng “jinggào xìn”, yaoqiú wo tíjiao yi fèn “guanli jìhuà”, shi jiànzhú wù mian yú dúpin. Zài tóng yigè yuè, weisikangxing zhou de yi wèi péngyou hé wo jìhuà zài huáshèngdùn tèqu fújíníya zhou jiaoqu canjia meiguó wényì fùxing shíqí de huìyì, zhè shì yigè qin báisè de zuzhi.“Fan zhongzú zhuyì zhe” weixié shuo, huìyì jiàng zài jiudiàn gongzuò rényuán juxíng, bìxu quxiao.

Julianne hé wo ou'er zài 2010 nián jiànguò. Sìhu women kenéng zuìzhong chéngwéi liànrén. You yi dian - wo yijing wàngjìle shénme shíhòu - zhulì'an tóngyì huí dào wojia, suoyi women keyi yiqi zài yiqi, dàn hòulái ta jìdé ta yijing dayìngle a shén lì zài bié dì dìfang. Suoyi women ba huódòng tuichí dào yigè cóng wèi dàoguò de shíqí. Wu yuèfèn, wo gàosù ta, wo qídàizhuó lìng yigè nurén chéngwéi fùqin. Xiànzài bùyào ba Julianne tui xiàng zhège fangxiàng.
Dàn zìwo yìshí yeyou yigèyu mou zhong lèixíng de luójí xiangguan de lilùn fangmiàn. Rénlèi sixiang bùjin fanyìngle shìjiè, érqie nénggòu genjù yiqián de xiangfa gaibiàn. Wèile dádào zhenli, yigè rén jinglì yigè tuili guòchéng, kaol? dào yiqián de shìjiàn hé lijie, yi dádào mùqián de qíngkuàng. Shèhuì biàn de yuè lái yuè fùzá, yinwèi yiqián de jingyàn yingxiangle xiànzài de yìshí, tuidòng ta cóng jiandan de lùjìng (urweg). Biànzhèng chuansuo chóngxin chuàngjiàn suo xu de tuili guòchéng, yi liaojie zài tèdìng qíngkuàng xià fashengle shénme.
Such standpoint has led local press groups to successively adopt diverse approaches over the past two years to cope with the challenge of new media. Among these approaches, the ‘extendedly ameliorated’ path, namely the implementation of incremental development of newspapers through flow reconstruction whilst retaining their original production system (Mai, 2012: 118), has become a common option of most local press groups. Although media convergence exerts an increasingly significant effect on these local press groups, relevant empirical studies remain limited at present. The current study analyses the perceptions of local newspaper journalists on and evaluations of media convergence through a survey and 20 in-depth interviews so as to disclose the effects of the dominant path of media convergence on local press groups based on the understanding of and reflection on the viewpoints of the ‘insiders’.

Conversely, although the Chinese government has promulgated a series of laws to regulate the content on the Internet since the implementation of the Interim Provisions on Internet Publication Management in 2002, commercial we-media have gained highly substantial market return by virtue of the size effect and flexibility of user-produced contents. Given that the main rival of Fujian’s local journalists for the role of opinion frontrunner in information dissemination does not undergo the direct regulation of the publicity sector, the ‘VIPs’ of we-media have public credibility that is comparable to that of traditional media.

6 J.J. Kennedy, “Maintaining popular support for the Chinese Communist Party: the influence of education and the state-controlled media,” Political Studies, Vol. 57, No. 3 (2009), pp. 517–36; Chen, X. and Shi, T., “Media effects on political confidence and trust in the People's Republic of China in the post-Tiananmen period,” East Asia: An International Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 3 (2001), pp. 84–118.

Specifically, information released in new media outlets emphasise timeliness. The irreconcilable conflict between such requirement and the principle of accuracy in news reportage concerns many journalists. In China, the common rule of thumb in terms of news production is that ‘the writer is responsible for the consequences of this article’. Journalists are obliged to take full responsibility for all issues engendered by the news under their name. The risk of ‘more mistakes with more releases’ is a shadow that follows news production as a by-product of the censorship system. Thus, the journalists in Fujian’s press groups disregard the new system of censorship as a ‘buffer’ that could protect them from various risks, particularly political ones. When journalists believe that the risk they may undertake outweighs the financial return they will attain, they choose not to cooperate.
Because glutamate receptor homeostasis is maintained in part through vesicle trafficking (33, 34) and we had observed that 3K3A-APC exerted potent effects on autophagosomal and lysosomal pathways in iMNs, we determined if 3K3A-APC could normalize glutamate receptor levels in ALS patient–derived motor neurons. Indeed, 3K3A-APC reduced the number of NR1+ punctae on C9ORF72 and sporadic ALS iMN neurites to control iMN levels (Figure 4, A–C, and Supplemental Figure 4, A and B; 2 controls, 2 C9ORF72 ALS, and 6 sporadic ALS patients). Using surface protein biotinylation, we were able to purify surface-bound proteins from iMNs (Figure 4, F–I, and Supplemental Figure 4I). Immunoblottting confirmed that 3K3A-APC reduced membrane-bound NR1 levels on C9ORF72 and sporadic ALS iMNs (Figure 4, F–I, and Supplemental Figure 4, J–M), but not control iMNs (Supplemental Figure 4, N–Q). 3K3A-APC treatment did not alter total NR1 levels, but specifically reduced the amount of surface-bound NR1 on ALS iMNs (Supplemental Figure 4, J–M and R–W). 3K3A-APC also did not alter total NR1 levels in control iMNs (Supplemental Figure 4, X–Z). Thus, 3K3A-APC normalizes NR1 levels on C9ORF72 and sporadic ALS iMNs.
Dàole 1 yuè xiàxún, wo gandào hen yùmèn, yinwèi sìhu wo bùnéng xiangxìn Sheila guanyú rènhé shìqíng. Ta jièle 2000 meiyuán, yòng yú zhifù lìngwài 2000 meiyuán de fèiyòng. Fùguó yínháng jiang qián tóurù fùguó yínháng zhànghù shí, yóuyú TCF tígong de “qizhà” jingshì, dòngjiéle gai zhànghù. Zhè bi qián benlái yinggai shì zài 12 yuè 30 rì fabù de, dàn zhipiào hái méiyou fachu. Suoyou zhè yiqiè sìhu duì wo lái shuo hen xing. Yexu xila méiyou gàosù wo shénme. Yexu ta shì yigè piànjú yìshùjia.
Guānyú “Hàn-Yīng Yànyǔ Cídiǎn”: Xiàndài Yǔyán qīkān duì Luósēnnuò (Rohsenow) cídiǎn de píngjià shì “dàigěi rén yúkuài tǐyàn, yìyú shǐyòng ... wèi pǔtōng Yīngyǔ dúzhě kāiqǐ le Zhōngguó mínjiān zhìhuì de bǎokù ... duì rènhé jíbié de yǔyán xuéshēng hé rènhé xūyào jīngpì géyán de rén dōu shì jí jù xīyǐnlì qiě shífēn shòuyì de.” (89, 2005). Yóu Wénlín Yánjiūsuǒ (zhǐzhìbǎn de biānzhìzhě) kāifā de xīnbǎn ruǎnjiàn wèi xuéxí yànyǔ zhè yī bǎoguì zīyuán zēngtiān le xīn de wéidù. Ruǎnjiàn bǎnběn zhuān wèi pèihé Wénlín Hànyǔ Xuéxí Ruǎnjiàn 4.2 huò gèng gāo bǎnběn shǐyòng ér shèjì. Yōngyǒu Wénlín qiángdà de ABC diànzǐ cídiǎn de quánbù jíhé, yìwèizhe jiǎntǐ hé fántǐ Zhōngwén de dúzhě kěyǐ shíshí fǎngwèn gèzhǒnggèyàng de cítiáo yǐ tànqiú Luósēnnuò jiàoshòu jīngliáng fānyì de wēimiào zhī chù, bìng lǐjiě Zhōngwén yànyǔ gēng shēnkè de hányì.
Wo liaojie dào, ka luó er hòulái ban jìnle yigè kenéng yóu tuìxiu haijun guanyuán yongyou de wa wa suo hú de fángzi. Zài èrshí shìjì jiushí niándài, yi wèi nìmíng de nánxìng jiào wo wèn ka luó er shìfou céng zhùyuàn, dàgài shì jingshénbìng. Wo shuo wo méiyou zhèyàng de zhishì. Láidiàn zhe bù huì tòulù ta de míngzì. Diànnao sousuo biaomíng, ka luó er xiànzài keyi zhù zài yalìsangnà zhou de méi sà, nàli ta de fùmu yijing tuìxiule.
Wo juédìng duì míngnísudá zhou shàngsù fayuàn tíchu shàngsù. Wo ye pìnqingle yi wèi xin de l?shi tángnàdé·xi er si tè lún (Donald Hillstrom) lái dàibiao wo. Women zuò chule yigè wúchi de huyù, daozhì fatíng tuifanle fà xi qí de juédìng. Ba zhège àn zi huán geile shenpàn faguan, zhishì ta bùdé bù xuanbù wo qizi céngjing maiguò fángzi de qián shì yi dàikuan háishì liwù de xíngshì chuxiàn.
Wénlín ABC EDOC shì zài ABC gǔdài Hànyǔ cíyuán cídiǎn de jīchǔ shàng biānxiě, gāi cídiǎn shì Xiàwēiyí Dàxué Chūbǎnshè rè pěng de ABC Xìliè zhīyī; tā háishi dì-yī kuǎn kě sōusuǒ gǔdài Hànyǔ zìyuán de diànzǐ cídiǎn, qí zhòngdiǎn zàiyú yǔyīn hé Zhōnghuá wénhuà gēnyuán de hányì. Jīngguò jīngxīn shèjì, shìyòng yú fēi zhuānyè rényuán hé zhuānyè rénshì, zhè bù cídiǎn fēicháng yìyú shǐyòng, nèiróng yǐ zìmǔ shùnxù biānpái, yōngyǒu zhòngduō chuàngxīn de císhū gōngnéng. Měi ge cítiáo tígōng yī ge huò duō ge kěnéng de cíyuán, fēnjiě fāyīn hé qítā xiāngguān shùjù. Cídiǎn jiāng cífǎ shàng yǒu guānlián de cízǔ héwéi “cí xì”, yǐbiàn gèng qīngxī de chǎnshì yǔ zhī guānlián de pàishēngcí hé qítā cíyuán biànhuà. Wénlín ABC EDOC cídiǎn diànzǐ bǎn nèihán yī piān jùyǒu zhòngyào yìyì de zuòzhě xù, jièshàole zuòzhě duì Hànyǔ zài Yàzhōu de yǔyánxué dìwèi kànfǎ, xiángshùle Hànyǔ yǔyán jíqí yuánxíng zuìchū de yǔyīn hé cífǎ shǔxìng.

Bùguò, wo duì huòbì de tàidù shì zhèyàng de: Jíshi wo yinwèi xila de wúcháng dàikuan hé dàoqiè ér shen xiàn zhàiwù, wo réngrán yongyou gèng dà jiàzhí de cáichan. Zài shenghuó de zhège jieduàn, zhíyè shengyá zhong wèilái chénggong de kenéng xìng hen xiao. Wo kenéng you zúgòu de ziyuánguòzhe shushì de shenghuó. Nàme wèishéme yigè rén baochí shenti jiànkang de shíhòu hànshui ne?


“Zhuandong luopan: Chen Jiageng he Li Guangqian de huaren lisan jingyan” 转动罗盘:陈嘉庚和李光前的华人离散经验  (Turning Compass: Diasporic Chinese Experience of Tan Kah Kee and Lee Kong Chian), presented at International Conference on “Tan Kah Kee and Lee Kong Chian: Their Significance in the Making of Modern Singapore and Malaysia,” in Singapore, organized by the National Library Board and the Tan Kah Kee Foundation, 28-29 November 2008.
May 2018: Prof. Nikos Sidiropoulos (ECE at University of Virginia) gave a Keynote at ICC Workshop ‘‘Machine Learning for Communications’’ in Kansas City. See the slides here. Interesting recent results of using deep neural networks to solve a wireless resource allocation (power allocation) problem are included in the slides (with details in see details in this paper ‘‘Learning to Optimize: Training Deep Neural Networks for Wireless Resource Management’’).
Kenéng cóng luxíng zhong shòuyì de lìng yigè rén shì xila de cháng zi, tuoní, ta shì yigè bangpài chéngyuán. Yigè yuè hòu, tuoní bù xiaoxin zài míng ní abo lì si beibù de yitiáo xiao xiàng li qiangshale yi míng niánqing nuzi, dangshí ta cóng yi míng bèi duìshou bangpài chéngyuán zhànling de yi liàng qìche kai qiangdàn qilái. Tuoní de fal? biànhù wo ná chule yi wàn meiyuán. Nà yi nián,1995 nián, dangnián you zhème duo de móusha shìjiàn, women de chéngshì bèi cheng wèi “sharén zhe”. Tuoní yin èr dù móusha zuì bèi dìngzuì, bìng zài zhou jianyù bèi pàn shíwu nián túxíng. Ta shì míngnísudá zhou de dì yigè shàonián, yào chéngwéi yi míng chéngnián rén.
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