These findings indicate that media convergence is never merely a technological issue. The journalists’ stance on new technologies is not sufficient to guarantee a corresponding attitude towards media convergence. To gain a comprehensive understanding of the effects of convergence, the social context, typically the media system and journalistic culture must be taken into consideration. Both of them exert great influence on journalists’ attitude towards media convergence.


An in-depth interview was thereafter conducted to provide an explanation for journalists’ attitude towards new media as well as to answer the research questions 2 and 3. A total of 12 respondents who left their contact information were recruited as interviewees. Given that media convergence is a process of integration among all newspaper offices within one press group, the recruitment of the interviewees was conducted with the press group unit rather than the single newspaper office. Apart from journalists, the leadership and editors of new media centres who had worked in the newspaper newsroom were also recruited as interviewees to obtain an improved understanding of the influences of media convergence on the press industry. The different degrees of experience in news gathering and editing of these directors and editors could be beneficial, particularly their insider’s viewpoint, which will compliment and support that of the journalists. From February to March 2016, the authors recruited eight directors or editors of new media centres for in-depth interviews through snowball sampling.
65 The coefficient of the interaction term was not statistically significant because of the small n of the treatment group. This indicates that we cannot be 95% certain that we would retrieve similar results over repeated samples. However, the dynamics are similar when comparing Beijingers' use of the internet and newspapers, thus further providing evidence that “new” media are more effective than “old” media in appeasing citizens. See Stockmann, “What kind of information does the public demand?”
Lā Qiáolā (La Jolla), Jiālìfúníyàzhōu -- Wénlín Yánjiūsuǒ xuānbù Wénlín Hànyǔ Xuéxí Ruǎnjiàn 4.2 bǎn yǔ gōngsī wǎngzhàn (wenlin.com) tóngbù lóngzhòng tuīchū. Wénlín 4.2 de xīn gōngnéng bāokuò kuòzhǎn de zìdiǎn, cídiǎn, Yīng-Hàn, Shuōwén Jiězì (Zhōngguó gǔdài Hànyǔ zìdiǎn) Yǐjí Wénlín zhuānyòng de CDL zìtǐ (wenlin.com/cdl) de zhòngduō gǎijìn, zìtǐ mùqián yǒu chāoguò 96000 ge CDL miáoshù. Qítā zēngqiáng gōngnéng, bāokuò gǎijìn sōusuǒ wénjiàn gōngnéng de jièmiàn, zhòngyào de jièmiàn xīn gōngnéng, yǐjí yīxiē xīn de hé gǎijìnle de gāojí xuǎnxiàng. Duìyú Mac OS X (10.7 huò gèng gāo bǎnběn), zhěnggè yìngyòng chéngxù yǐjīng chóngjiàn wéi 64 wèi Cocoa yìngyòng chéngxù, zhīchí gāo fēnbiànlǜ de Retina gāoqīng xiǎnshìpíng.
“Jiazu, zhongzu, guozu: Malaixiya huaren de yimin jingyu”  家族、种族、国族:马来西亚华人的移民境遇  (Family, Race, Nation: Malaysian Chinese Experience) in Lee Guan Kin 李元瑾 and Leo Suryadinata 廖建裕 (eds.), Huaren yimin bijiao yanjiu: shiying yu fazhan 华人移民比较研究:适应与 发展  (Chinese Migration in Comparative Perspectives: Adaptation and Development).  Singapore: Centre for Chinese Language and Culture, Nanyang Technological University, and Chinese Heritage Centre, 2010, pp. 147-159.
Jiéshù liang zhou hòu, wo shou dàole hali sen shèqu xiéhuì weiyuánhuì de yi feng chuánpiào, gai weiyuánhuì duì wo de jiànzhú wù de fànzuì gandào guanqiè. Women dìqu de shì yìhuì dàibiao yijing zàichang. Zài huìyì shàng, wo shìtú jieshì shuo, wo yijing yù dàole zuhù, jiù rúhé jiejué zhèxie wèntí zhengqiú yìjiàn. Zhè bù fúhé weiyuán de yìjiàn. Tamen cheng wo wèi “tianzhen” hé “bùshìhé guanli chuzu wùyè”. Weiyuánhuì yaoqiú wo lìjí quzhú suoyou zuhù, bìng jiang tamen tìhuàn wèi jingguò zixì shaixuan de rényuán. Wo gàosù tamen zhè shì wo de shì, ér bùshì ta de. Wo huì juédìng caiqu shénme bùzhòu. Bùguò, zuìhòu, wo tóngyì quzhú you bèi bu zuìfàn de jìlù.
* This article is part of a book project examining the impact of media commercialization on news content and public opinion in China, tentatively titled Propaganda for Sale. For fruitful research collaboration I would like to thank Iain Johnston, Shen Mingming and the members of the Research Center for Contemporary China. I am also grateful for financial support provided by the Harvard-Yenching Institute and the Center for Chinese Studies at the University of Michigan. Many thanks as well to the participants of the Chinese politics workshop at the University of Wisconsin, Madison for helpful comments and to Wang Mingde for research assistance.
Wénlín ABC EDOC shì zài ABC gǔdài Hànyǔ cíyuán cídiǎn de jīchǔ shàng biānxiě, gāi cídiǎn shì Xiàwēiyí Dàxué Chūbǎnshè rè pěng de ABC Xìliè zhīyī; tā háishi dì-yī kuǎn kě sōusuǒ gǔdài Hànyǔ zìyuán de diànzǐ cídiǎn, qí zhòngdiǎn zàiyú yǔyīn hé Zhōnghuá wénhuà gēnyuán de hányì. Jīngguò jīngxīn shèjì, shìyòng yú fēi zhuānyè rényuán hé zhuānyè rénshì, zhè bù cídiǎn fēicháng yìyú shǐyòng, nèiróng yǐ zìmǔ shùnxù biānpái, yōngyǒu zhòngduō chuàngxīn de císhū gōngnéng. Měi ge cítiáo tígōng yī ge huò duō ge kěnéng de cíyuán, fēnjiě fāyīn hé qítā xiāngguān shùjù. Cídiǎn jiāng cífǎ shàng yǒu guānlián de cízǔ héwéi “cí xì”, yǐbiàn gèng qīngxī de chǎnshì yǔ zhī guānlián de pàishēngcí hé qítā cíyuán biànhuà. Wénlín ABC EDOC cídiǎn diànzǐ bǎn nèihán yī piān jùyǒu zhòngyào yìyì de zuòzhě xù, jièshàole zuòzhě duì Hànyǔ zài Yàzhōu de yǔyánxué dìwèi kànfǎ, xiángshùle Hànyǔ yǔyán jíqí yuánxíng zuìchū de yǔyīn hé cífǎ shǔxìng.

Wo chuan shàng yifú, kaiche dào gelúnbiya gaodì. Méiyou rén zài zhidìng de jiaoluò dengdài. Wo kaiche shiguò gai dìqu yiduàn shíjian, tíng xiàlái, zou huí jiaoluò. Zuìhòu, yi míng nuzi yuèguò gaosù gonglù yíngjie wo. Shì de, shì ta. Zhulì'an hé wo huí dàole wo de che. Wo gàosù ta, wo huì ba ta dài dào shèngbaoluó. Women kaishi cháo zhège fangxiàng xíngshi. Bùkesiyì de shì, zhulì'an ránhòu shuo, ta bùxiang qù shèngbaoluó. Ta ràng wo ba ta dài huí dào women jiànmiàn de jiaoluò li. Ta xià chele, yaoqiú $ 5.00. Wo gei ta qián
Prompts from new media centre editors that ‘users responded intensely’ are often believed as too trivial to be ‘worth writing about’, hence are ultimately ignored by journalists. Editors blame the journalists’ reaction on lack of awareness, that is, journalists lack knowledge of new media, underestimate the intensity of competition between the press industry and commercial new media and overlook user demands. In fact, journalists expressed their concern regarding increasingly intense market competition in both the survey and in-depth interviews. They sensed that when various types of newspapers obtain news clues from new media and as reportage becomes increasingly homogenised, newspapers are confronted with increasingly intense competition.
Zài 2009 nián de zuìhòu yigè yuè, wo kaishi chuàngjiàn yigè míng wèi “BillMcGaughey.Com” de wangzhàn, zuòwéi wo wangzhàn zuòpin de jiaodian. Wo cóng niánqing rén nàli huànle rongcháng de shougao. Gèrén gùshì jiang shì wo de zhuancháng. Rán'ér, liánxù bùduàn de bàoyuàn wo de zìsi. Zhè ji tian, women hen shao zài tóngyi zhang chuángshàng shuìjiào. Lián zài lìng yigè danwèi li you zìji de wòshì. Ta huáiyí wo kenéng huàn you àizibìng. Rán'ér, ta yuè lái yuè duo de hua zài zhongguó, yibiàn yisheng nénggòu jiancè bìngqíng, kàn kàn áizhèng shìfou yijing fanhuí.
Guānyú “Hàn-Yīng Yànyǔ Cídiǎn”: Xiàndài Yǔyán qīkān duì Luósēnnuò (Rohsenow) cídiǎn de píngjià shì “dàigěi rén yúkuài tǐyàn, yìyú shǐyòng ... wèi pǔtōng Yīngyǔ dúzhě kāiqǐ le Zhōngguó mínjiān zhìhuì de bǎokù ... duì rènhé jíbié de yǔyán xuéshēng hé rènhé xūyào jīngpì géyán de rén dōu shì jí jù xīyǐnlì qiě shífēn shòuyì de.” (89, 2005). Yóu Wénlín Yánjiūsuǒ (zhǐzhìbǎn de biānzhìzhě) kāifā de xīnbǎn ruǎnjiàn wèi xuéxí yànyǔ zhè yī bǎoguì zīyuán zēngtiān le xīn de wéidù. Ruǎnjiàn bǎnběn zhuān wèi pèihé Wénlín Hànyǔ Xuéxí Ruǎnjiàn 4.2 huò gèng gāo bǎnběn shǐyòng ér shèjì. Yōngyǒu Wénlín qiángdà de ABC diànzǐ cídiǎn de quánbù jíhé, yìwèizhe jiǎntǐ hé fántǐ Zhōngwén de dúzhě kěyǐ shíshí fǎngwèn gèzhǒnggèyàng de cítiáo yǐ tànqiú Luósēnnuò jiàoshòu jīngliáng fānyì de wēimiào zhī chù, bìng lǐjiě Zhōngwén yànyǔ gēng shēnkè de hányì.
The effects of the dominant path of media convergence on the mid-size press industry are the focus of this study. The path chosen by the press industry in other regions of China may differ from the dominant one in Fujian due to the nuances of power structure, level of economic development, size of press group and other factors. For example, the Nanfang Media Group’s choice of the fully transformed path has a bearing on its pioneering spirit and remarkable investment, which are derived from its distance from the centre of political power, the prosperity of the market economy in Guangdong and the surrounding areas, and the considerable assets from accumulation within the media group in the past decades (Yin and Liu, 2013). Nevertheless, Fujian’s case discloses the common challenges that the Chinese press industry will face as they further advance the convergence regardless of which path they choose. This study also develops an analytical framework based on the interplay amongst the state, media and journalists to be used in future research on China’s media convergence.
Dang xi lì yà jìxù jieshòu jiàoyù de shíhòu, lián sìhu bijiào... Ta céngjing zài zhongguó gao shuipíng yanchu, dàn yóuyú yingyu shuipíng bùzú, duì meiguó wénhuà de wúzhi, ta gandào hen gangà. Wo méiyou àn ta fù qián gongzuò. Yinci, ta jingcháng zuò zài diànnao qián wán yóuxì. Wo tóngshí zhuiqiú yi zhèngzhì, xiezuò, fángdong zuzhi hé guanli zulìn wùyè wéi zhongxin de zìji de lìyì. Women bèi kùn zài women fenkai de shenghuó zhong.

Wo zài 2010 nián 5 yuè xiàxún shousuole saixiàn yán, dangshí wo de ji zhang zhàopiàn bèi zhongzhàng de xiàn ti dài zou. Beijiao de yi míng yisheng wúfa lijie, dàn bailaohuì dàxué zhensuo de yisheng ye méiyou. Ta wèn wo shìfou you wo de shengzhíqì ganjué, wo zuòle. Yi liang gè yuè hòu, zhongzhàng xiaoshile, dàn wo dì xìng'ài yeshì rúci. Wo danxin yi míng laonián rén de saixiàn yán huì daozhì bù yù zhèng. Zhè ràng wo gèngjia xinshang xila huáiyùnle.
iMNs were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for 1 hour at 4°C, permeabilized with PBS containing 0.5% Tween 20 (0.5% PBS-T) overnight at 4°C, blocked with 10% donkey serum in 0.1% PBS-T at room temperature for 2 hours, and incubated with primary antibodies at 4°C overnight. Cells were then washed with 0.1% PBS-T and incubated with Alexa Fluor–conjugated secondary antibodies (Life Technologies) in blocking buffer for 2 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained with DAPI (Life Technologies) or Hoechst and then mounted on slides with Vectashield (Vector Labs). Neuronal area was determined by manual outlining in ImageJ (NIH) on the basis of the staining pattern provided by TUJ1 or MAP2. Images were acquired on an LSM 800 confocal microscope (Zeiss). The following primary antibodies were used: mouse anti-HB9 (Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank, catalog 81.5C10, 1:10); mouse anti-TUJ1 (EMD Millipore, catalog AB9354, 1:1000); mouse anti-NR1 (EMD Millipore, catalog MAB363, 1:10); rabbit anti-poly(PR) (Proteintech, catalog 23979-1-AP, 1:50), rabbit anti-poly(PR) (Proteintech, catalog 23978-1-AP, 1:50), rabbit anti–TDP-43 (Proteintech, catalog 10782-2-AP, 1:200), and mouse anti-LAMP2 (DSHB, catalog H4B4, 1:4000).
Wénlín 4.2 fābù de tóngshí, gōngsī wǎngzhàn de zhěngtǐ chóngxīn shèjì yě jiēzhǒng'érlái, xīn wǎngzhàn bāohán le Hànyǔ Pīnyīn, jiǎntǐ, fántǐ xíngshì de fānyì. Wénlín 4.2 Bǎn kě zài wǎngshàng (wenlinshangdian.com) shēngjí, shēngjí fèiyòng jǐn shí Měiyuán, yòngyú zhīchí chǎnpǐn kāifā. Wénlín zuìjìn fābù de Yuēhàn Luósēnnuò biānjí de “Hàn-Yīng Yànyǔ Cídiǎn” ruǎnjiàn de fùfèi yònghùmen: Hànyǔ Yànyǔ ABC Cídiǎn (Hàn-Yīngyǔ Cídiǎn), yě kě zài wǎngshàng yǐ 19.99 Měiyuán gòumǎi, hái jiāng miǎnfèi huòdé Wénlín 4.2 shēngjíbǎn.
Following this logic, understanding why many of the journalists claimed that the underlying method of media reform lies in ‘pay walls’ when they were asked about the future of media convergence. In this vision, the exploration of newspapers on the new media platform has limited value. The premium content produced by newspapers and the protection for the copyright of these contents are sufficient conditions for the survival and stability of newspapers. A few journalists placed equal emphasis on the importance of newspaper contents but they acknowledged the mutually complementary relationship between new media and newspapers, thinking that the new media will develop towards rapidity, shallowness and interactivity in the future while newspapers will become considerably profound and specialised in content. They believe that both entities can implement accurate user demand-oriented communication by means of technology, such as ‘big data’.
Jinguan lín dá jìnnián lái dì xìng quxiàng yijing jianruò, dàn women réngrán shì chángtú péngyou. Wo hen gaoxìng ting dào lín dá zài yu mìsuli zhou de yigè báirén nán péngyou fenshou hòu, da diànhuà gei Ku Klux Klan dí dàng dì yi zhang, gei chu yigè nìmíng de tíshì, shuo zhège rén gen yigè heirén nurén yuehuì. Ta yongyuan dou bù huì biàn dé guòyú dàodé huò qínggan shàng shèjí, ta baoliúle kèguan de zìwo ganjué.

On 25 April, the Chongzhen Emperor was said to have walked to Meishan, a small hill in present-day Jingshan Park. There, he either hanged himself on a tree,[19] or strangled himself with a sash. By some accounts, the emperor left a suicide note that said, "I die unable to face my ancestors in the underworld, dejected and ashamed. May the rebels dismember my corpse and slaughter my officials, but let them not despoil the imperial tombs nor harm a single one of our people."[20] According to a servant who discovered the emperor's body under a tree, however, the words tianzi (Son of Heaven) were the only written evidence left after his death.[21] The emperor was buried in the Ming tombs.
His most noted and famous work is the Preface to the Poems Composed at the Orchid Pavilion, the introduction to a collection of poems written by a number of poets during a gathering at Lanting near the town of Shaoxing for the Spring Purification Festival. The original is lost, but the work survives in a number of finely traced copies, with the earliest and most well regarded copy being the one made between c. 627-650 by Feng Chengsu, and it is located in the Palace Museum in Beijing.

93 Lai Fei. Jining, zaozhuangdiqu huaxiangshi gailun (An Introduction to Han Stone Pictorial Reliefs at the Jining and Zaozhuang Region) in Zhongguo huaxiangshi quanji, Shandong Han huaxiangshi (di er ji) (Complete Collection of Chinese Stone Pictorial Reliefs, Shandong Stone Pictorial Reliefs (Volume 2))(Jinan: Shandong meishu chubanshe, Zhengzhou: Henan meishu chubanshe, 2000), 19.
Zhège nurén, xila, shì yigè xidú zhe, bù shì zuhù, ér shì dang yin junzi zàichang shí jingcháng guanggù jími gongyù de rén. Ta hái you ji gè háizi. Zuìxiao de ai li ka, yigè yuè qián jiù chushengle. Xila hé wo hen kuài chéngwéi xìng bànlu. Yinwèi shuìjiào de háizi zhèngzài zhànjù suoyou de chuángwèi, suoyi women shouxian zài míng ní abo lì si beibù de zufáng li zhànle qilái. Gèng duo de shíhòu, women zài 1702 Glenwood Avenue de lóu shàng danwèi zài chuángshàng zuò'ài. Xila youshí zài nàli guòyè. Women keyi zài wanshàng háishì qingchén zuò qìyue.
xila gébì zài 1708 gé lún wudé, dàn ta shuo ta tài lèile, bùnéng gen wo shuohuà. Dì èr tian zaoshang, ta chéngrèn ta yijing ba yàoshi hé zhipiào liú kongle. Jianchá dàoqiè de yuányin shì ta xuyào xiàng TCF(shuang chéng liánbang) chánghuán yínháng shouxù fèi, yibiàn ta keyi zhaodào gongzuò. Dang ta ji nián qián céngjing bàoyuàn yourén gaibiànle yigè jianchá danwèi shí,TCF zài ta de zhànghù shàng tíchule yigè “qizhà” jingbào. Jìn háng xìnyòng jianchá de gùzhu zìdòng xiaochú yu qizhà youguan de yuángong. Sheila biaoshì, yinwèi zhège yuányin ta zài boshìdùn kexué gongsi hé fùguó yínháng shiqùle gongzuò. Dànshì, yi wèi rénlì ziyuán zhuanjia de péngyou xiàng ta jieshìle qíngkuàng. Rúguo ta zhifù yínháng shouxù fèi,TCF jiang quxiao qizhà zhidìng, ta jiang zàicì jiùyè.
Bèihòu de zhèxie huódòng shì guanyú niyì de “beimei zìyóu màoyì xiédìng”, zhè jiang you lìyú meiguó de zhìzào yè jiùyè chukou dào di gongzi dì dìfang, rú mòxige. Jiéhé meiguó, mòxige hé jianádà láiyuán de xìnxi, wo zìji chubanle yi ben shu,“meijia mòxige zìyóu màoyì xiédìng: Women zhishì shuo bu,” ta kenéng shì shìchang shàng dì yi ben fan NAFTA shu.
Zhège nurén, xila, shì yigè xidú zhe, bù shì zuhù, ér shì dang yin junzi zàichang shí jingcháng guanggù jími gongyù de rén. Ta hái you ji gè háizi. Zuìxiao de ai li ka, yigè yuè qián jiù chushengle. Xila hé wo hen kuài chéngwéi xìng bànlu. Yinwèi shuìjiào de háizi zhèngzài zhànjù suoyou de chuángwèi, suoyi women shouxian zài míng ní abo lì si beibù de zufáng li zhànle qilái. Gèng duo de shíhòu, women zài 1702 Glenwood Avenue de lóu shàng danwèi zài chuángshàng zuò'ài. Xila youshí zài nàli guòyè. Women keyi zài wanshàng háishì qingchén zuò qìyue.
To identify sporadic ALS iPSC lines whose iMNs degenerated more rapidly than controls, we generated iPSCs from 6 sporadic ALS patients. We did not bias our selection of sporadic ALS samples based on genetic or clinical information. Whole-genome or -exome sequencing and repeat-primed PCR for the C9ORF72 locus showed that the 6 sporadic ALS patients did not contain rare variants in known ALS genes, nor a C9ORF72 repeat expansion (Supplemental Figure 1, A and B, and Supplemental Tables 1 and 2; supplemental material available online with this article; https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.127736DS1).
Dangshí wo hái you qíta de tieqì zài huo zhong. Zài 2001 nián 9 yuè 11 rì, zài míng ní abo lì si shì zhang de zhuyào zhànbài zhong, wo jiarùle míngnísudá zhou dúlì dang. 2002 Nián 7 yuè, wo xiàng xiaozu weiyuánhuì dì meiguó canyìyuàn hòuxuan rén tíchu zhíyí. Zhège yùndòng zhuyào shi wéiràozhe guójia fangwèn bàoshè. Jiéguo shì zài san rén bisài zhong zhàn 31%de dì èr míng.

Wèishéme zìmu biao zhèngmíng duì wénhuà de zhè zhong cìji? Shouxian, zìmu jiaoben tongguò jiang xuyào xuéxí de fúhào shùliàng cóng shù bai huò shù qian jianshao dào dàyue liang da lái jianhuà xiezuò. Baokuò zài yuyin zhong de rènhé cíyu keyi yóu shaoliàng de zìmu zìmu ke shì dì biaoshì. Rúguo yourén bù quèdìng yigè zì shì shénme yìsi, ta keyi fachu yinjié lái ting qí dengtóng dehuà. Zhè zhong jianhuà shide gèng duo de rén keyi fangwèn.
Huíxiang qilái, wo hen yíhàn, wo méiyou gèng nulì de zhengjiù zhège háizi. anni de xiesidili - duì wo lái shuo keyi lijie - ràng wo yóuyù duì ta chéngnuò. Chusheng quexiàn de kenéng xìng ye feicháng guanxin wo. Wo de fùmu sìhu juédé duòtai shì zhèngquè de dàolù. Suoyi wo ganguò, jì bù gei an anwèi, ye bùyào xíngróng wo xiang yào zuò de qingxi huàmiàn. Zuìhòu, an dì zhèngyì xiongdì ba shìqíng jiao zài zìji shouzhong, wèi women zuò chule juédìng.
Mihalache, I. 2013. The Importance of Social Dynamics and Continuous Learning for an Efficient Use of Translation Technologies. In Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, ed. R. McBride, and M. Searson, 775–788. New Orleans, Louisiana, United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).Google Scholar
As an alternative to the 7F iMN differentiation procedure used in Fig. 7 and S8, iMNs were differentiated from C9-ALS and control iPSC lines using a Dox-NIL system. (a, b) Survival of Dox-NIL iMNs with or without TMX2 reduction by shRNA transduction. Results from two control (a) or two C9-ALS (b) lines were averaged to create the survival curves shown. (c, d) The same iMN data depicted in (b) but separated by individual C9-ALS cell line to show the variability in responses. (e) Representative images of GFP+ (shRNA expressing) C9-ALS iMNs taken during the survival experiments. (f) RNA was harvested from iMN survival experiments at the endpoint and TMX2 mRNA levels were measured by qRT-PCR (normalized to GAPDH levels). For information on the patient lines used and numbers of iMNs analyzed for survival analysis, see Supplementary Table 4.
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